I am professor of economics (with a chair in economic theory) with the Johannes Kepler Universität Linz. I am also a fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London, director of the European Trade Study Group and the Institute for International and Development Economics, senior research fellow with the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, and a board member of the Global Trade Analysis Project. I serve on the editorial board of the Review of Development Economics, and the World Trade Review. Past professional incarnations have included professor of economics at Erasmus University Rotterdam, research economist for the World Trade Organization, and chief of research and acting director of economics for the U.S. International Trade Commission. I studied economics at the University of Maryland and economics and history at the University of Virginia.
My current research interests
include: cross-border production chains and employment;
globalization and inequality; trade in services; open economy
competition policy and the regulation of firm behavior; financial
market integration; open economy growth and development; economic
integration broadly defined; the multilateral trading system;
trade and investment policy under imperfect competition (including
the location of industry); the role of the service sector
(finance, margin and intermediate services, etc.) in trade and
development; competition policy in open markets; computational
partial and general equilibrium modeling; and estimation and
inference within large nonlinear systems (like large scale,
multi-sector general equilibrium econometric models).
working papers & publications
You can find links to most of the papers listed below (published and unpublished) on the right. REPEC has the most complete collection of links. If you are looking for a book chapter of something of the sort, let me know and I will try to post it.
Selected working papers:
Data on International Trade in Services
SERVICES DATABASE UPDATED (2013):
Download through RePEC:
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Exchange Rates and Jobs
Eddy Bekkers, Joseph Francois.
of Delivery in Services,
E. Christen and J. Francois,
CEPR discussion paper 7912.
Profiles and Developing Country Participation in the WTO Dispute
Settlement System, Francois, J., H.Horn and N. Kaunitz.
Factor Price Equalization and International Convergence,
J. Francois and C. Shiells.
Trade and FDI in Services,
C. Fillat-Castejon, J. Francois, and J. Woerz.
Institutions, Infrastructure, and
2013 version can be downloaded here)
Francois J and M. Manchin, forthcoming World Development.
and industrial structure with large firms and heterogeneity.
(earlier version: Heterogeneous Firms, the Structure of Industry & Trade under Oligopoly),
Bekkers, E. and J. Francois, European Economic Review, forthcoming.
Prices, Income, and Inequality,
Eddy Bekkers, Joseph Francois and Miriam Manchin, European Economic Review, 2012.
Market Structure in Multisector General Equilibrium Models of Open Economies
J. Francois, M. Manchin and W. Martin, in P. Dixon and D. Jogenson eds., Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Models, North Holland: Elsevier, 2012.
CGE Modeling of Trade and Investment in Services
E. Christen, J. Francois, and B. Hoekman, in P. Dixon and D. Jogenson eds., Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Models, North Holland: Elsevier, 2012.
Household Inequality, Social Welfare, and Trade
J. Francois and H. Rojas-Romagosa, CEPR discussion paper 7998, Journal of Development Economics 2011.
Computable General Equilibrium Models of International Trade
Joseph Francois and Will Martin, in D. Berhofen et al, eds., Palgrave Handbook of International Trade, pp 571-593, 2011.
Shifts in International Trade and Value Added from 1995 to 2007: Insights into the Drivers of Growth, J. Francois and J. Woerz, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 37-56, 2011.
Ante Assessment of the Welfare Impacts of Trade Reforms with
J. Francois and W. Martin. Chapter 13 Ex Ante, in John Gilbert (ed.) New Developments in Computable General Equilibrium Analysis for Trade Policy (Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Volume 7), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.379-434, 2010.
The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Jobs and Growth: Technical Note
OECD Trade Policy Working Papers 107, OECD 2010.
Structure and Market Access
Francois, J. and I. Wooton, World Economy 2010.
Trade and Policy
Francois, J. and B. Hoekman, CEPR discussion paper 7616 , Journal of Economic Literature 2010.
Non-linear panel estimation of import quotas:
The evolution of quota premiums under the ATC,
Francois J. and J. Woerz, in the Journal of International Economics, 2009.
Implications of Asian Integration
Francois J. and G. Wignaraja, in the Global Economy Journal, 2008.
– Countervailing Duty Investigation of DRAMS
Francois J. and D. Palmeter, in the World Trade Review, 2008.
Antitrust in Open Economics,
Francois J. and H. Horn, in the The Political Economy of Antitrust edited by Vivek Ghosal and Johan Stennek, Elsevier-North Holland, 2007.
Erosion and Multilateral Trade Liberalization,
Francois, J. B. Hoekman and M. Manchin, World Bank Economic Review, 2006.
Determinants of Antidumping in Mexico,
Niels, G. and J.F. Francois, Review of Development Economics, 2006.
Trade Agreements, Differentiated Intermediates, and Trade Patterns,
in O. Cadot et al, eds, Economics of Regional Trade Agreements, Oxford University Press, 2006.
Developing Country FTAs: Overview and Analysis,
J. Francois, M. McQueen, and G. Wignaraja, World Development 2005.
Liberalization in the Doha Development Round,
Francois, J.F., H. van Meijl and F. van Tongeren, Economic Policy 2005.
the Impact of Trade Policy on Labor Markets and Production,
Francois, J.F., Économie International, 2004.
Policy Variability, Bindings, and Market Access,
Francois, J.F. and W. Martin, European Economic Review, 2004.
Efficiency and the Impact of China”s WTO Accession on the Auto
Francois, J.F. and D. Spinanger, World Bank Economic Review. 2004.
To The Special Section On China And The WTO,
J. Francois & S.Yao, Pacific Economic Review, 2003.
Approaches for Market Access Negotiations,
Francois, J.F. and W. Martin, World Economy, 2003.
Geometry of Specialization,
Francois, J.F. and D. Nelson, Economic Journal, 2002.
Cost of Rich (and Poor) Country Protection to Developing Countries,
Anderson, K., B. Dimaranan, J.F. Francois, T. Hertel, B. Hoekman, and W. Martin J.F. , Journal of African Economies, 2001.
Services Trade and the GATS,
J. Francois and H. Horn, European Journal of Political Economy, 2001.
Structure, Trade Liberalization, and the GATS,
Francois, J.F. and I. Wooton, European Journal of Political Economy, 2001.
in International Transport Services: The Role of Competition,
Francois, J.F. and I. Wooton, Review of International Economics, 2001.
Policy Transparency and Investor Confidence -- the Implications of
an Effective Trade Policy Review Mechanism,
Francois, J.F., Review of International Economics, 2001.
Technology, and Wages: General Equilibrium Mechanics,
Francois, J.F. and D. Nelson, Economic Journal,1998 (reprinted 2001).
and Benefits of EU Enlargement to the East,
Baldwin, R.E., J.F. Francois, and R.E. Portes, Economic Policy, 1997.
Policy and the Domestic Carrying Trade,
Francois, J.F., H. Arce, J. Flynn, and K.A. Reinert, Canadian Journal of Economics, 1996.
of Services in the Structure of Production and Trade: Stylized
Facts from a Cross-Country Analysis,
Francois, J.F. and K.A. Reinert, Asia-Pacific Economic Review, 1996.
Demand Shifts, Income Distribution, and the Linder Hypothesis,
Francois, J.F. and S. Kaplan, Review of Economics and Statistics, 1996.
Force Growth, Trade, and Wages,
Francois, J.F., Economic Journal, 1996.
Implications of International Trade in Financial Services,
Francois, J.F., International Economic Journal, 1995.
Production and Trade: Factor Migration and Commercial Policy
with International Scale Economies,
Francois, J.F., International Economic Review, 1994.
the Pattern of Trade in Producer Services,
Francois, J.F., International Economic Journal, 1993.
Countervailing the Effects of
Subsidies: An Economic Analysis,
Francois, J.F., Journal of World Trade, 1992.
Models for Government Trade Policy
Analysis: A Survey of Methods,
Francois, J.F. and K.A. Reinert, Atlantic Economic Journal, 1992.
Commercial Policy with International Returns to Scale,
Francois, J.F., Canadian Journal of Economics, 1992.
in Producer Services and Returns Due to Specialization Under
Francois, J.F., Canadian Journal of Economics, 1990.
Services, Scale, and the Division of Labor,
Francois, J.F., Oxford Economic Papers, 1990.
Nontradables: Proximity Requirements and the Pattern of Trade in
Francois, J.F., Journal of Economic Integration, 1990.
Homeownership Costs: Owners, Estimates of Implicit Rents and the
Relative Importance of Rental Equivalence in the Consumer Price
Francois, J.F., Real Estate Economics (formerly AREUEA Journal), 1989.
Monographs, books, &tc
Measures in EU-US Trade and Investment: An Economic Analysis,
Joseph Francois & Koen Berden & Saara Tamminen & Martin Thelle & Paul Wymenga, 2009.
Francois, J.F. and G. Wignaraja, PAN-ASIAN INTEGRATION: Linking East and South Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, ISBN: 0-230-22178-5.
NEXT WTO ROUND: North-South stakes in new market access
Francois, J.F., CIES Adelaide and the Tinbergen Institute,
CIES: Adelaide. ISBN: 0-86396-474-5, 2001.
Issue in Applied Commercial Policy Analysis,
Baldwin, R.E. and J.F. Francois, eds.,Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 0-521-64171-3, 1999.
Transition and the Greening of Policies,
Brockmeier, M., J.F. Francois, T.W. Hertel, and P. Michael Schmitz, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk Kiel AG. ISBN: 3-8175-0285-0, 1998.
Methods for Trade Policy Analysis: A Handbook,
Francois, J.F. and K.A. Reinert, eds., Cambridge University Press, ISBN:0-521-58997-5, 1997.
Trade Policy: Applied General Equilibrium Assessments of
North American Free Trade,
Francois, J.F. and C.R. Shiells, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge,
Miscellaneous stuff, papers, and such
Trade Arrangements, Induced Investment, and National Income in a
J. Francois and M. Rombout, CEPR and Tinbergen Institute discussion paper.
of Progress: Economic Integration, Specialization, and Wages for
J. Francois and D. Nelson, CEPR and Tinbergen Institute discussion paper.
Competitive Financial Markets and Financial Market Integration,
Francois, J.F.,USITC Research Division Paper 92-08-B.
Mobility, Economic Integration, and the Location of Industry,
Francois, J.F.,in R.E. Baldwin and A. Brunetti, volume editors, Economic Impact of EU Membership on Entrants: New Methods and Issues, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston/Dordrecht/London.
Dynamics and Trade Policy Reform in Developing Countries,
Francois, J.F. H. Nordstrom and C.R. Shiells,in R.E. Baldwin and J.F. Francois, eds., Dynamic Issue in Applied Commercial Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
Policy and North-South Migration,
Francois, J.F. and D. Nelson, in R.E. Baldwin and J.F. Francois, eds., Dynamic Issue in Applied Commercial Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
Economies and Imperfect Competition in Applied Trade Models,
Francois, J.F., and D.W. Roland-Holst,in J.F. Francois and K.A. Reinert, eds., Applied Methods for Trade Policy Analysis: A Handbook, Cambridge University Press.
Liberalization and the Capital Stock in a Multilateral Framework,
Francois, J.F., B.J. McDonald, and H. Nordstrom in R.E. Baldwin and J.F. Francois, eds., Dynamic Issue in Applied Commercial Policy Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
Bindings and the Credibility of Reform,
Francois, J.F., in A. Galal and B. Hoekman, eds., Regional Partners in Global Markets, Centre for Economic Policy Research.
Network Quality and Export Performance,
Boatman, K. and J. Francois, in Regional Interests and Global Issues: The Challenge of Telecommunications Integration for the Pacific, edited by Mark D. Lofstrom and Dan J. Wedemeyer, Pacific Telecommunications Council.
My (aging/old/yellowing) inaugural
lecture from my appointment to my chair at Erasmus University: The
International Economy and Economic Development.
“Many years ago this was a thriving, happy
planet—people, cities, shops, a normal world. Except that on
the high streets of these cities there were slightly more shoe
shops than one might have thought necessary. And slowly,
insidiously, the numbers of these shoes shops were
increasing. It’s a well-known economic phenomenon but tragic
to see it in operation, for the more shoe shops there were, the
more shoes they had to make and the worse the shoes and more
unwearable they became. And the worse they were to wear, the
more people had to buy to keep themselves shod, and the more the
shops proliferated, until the whole economy of the place passed
what I believe is termed the Shoe Event Horizon, and it
became no longer economically possible to build anything other
than shoe shops. Result—collapse, ruin,
famine. Most of the population died out.”
Douglas Adams,Restaurant at the End of the Universe, PAN: MACMILLAN, 1980.